Roman villa of Sant'Imbenia. Restoration of mural paintings, stuccoes and stone materials

Roman villa of Sant'Imbenia, rooms 2 and 7. Restoration and conservation of the materials found during the campaigns of excavation from 1996 to 2005.
Where: 
Convento S. Nicola, Belmonte in Sabina, Rieti, Italy; Alghero, Sassari
Type of intervention: 
Documentation, study, consolidation, cleaning and relaying on new supports of the fragments of painted plaster, marble and stucco.
Funding/Institution(s): 
Comune di Alghero, Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici delle province di Sassari e Nuoro
Scientific direction: 
Arch. Patrizia Tomassetti, Dott. ssa Daniela Rovina
Technical direction: 
Roberto Nardi
When: 
1 March 2011

The Roman Villa of Sant'Imbenia


In March 2011, the CCA began a new conservation work on the finds from the Roman villa of Sant'Imbenia.
The villa is located in the bay of Porto Conte, close to the town of Alghero, in the province of Sassari, Sardinia. The archaeological complex extends over a large area, not yet excavated in its entirety. In 1994-2005, the archaeologists unearthed important finds relating to wall and floor decorations of two rooms of the villa. They include stucco figures, mural paintings in fresco technique, fragments of polychrome marble slabs, opus sectile and an outstanding floor mosaic with a Medusa head as a centerpiece.
The local administration and the authority for archaeological heritage built special protective structures for the conservation of the villa and to allow visitors in the archaeological site. This will be open to the general public in the close future. The newly established Museum of Alghero, which will open soon, will host all the finds that were removed from the villa for conservation reasons, and are currently undergoing restoration at the CCA laboratory.
The high fragmentation of the finds required a long period of study and preliminary documentation, before the work of the restorers could start. This allowed the elaboration of a restoration and conservation plan, which is constantly revised and updated as new evidence emerges from the restoration work. The result of this painstaking activity will be the recomposition of the finds in their original structure and their assemblage on new supports, specially devised by the restorers.
The various stages of the CCA’s intervention include: documentation, study, restoration, display in museum, dissemination of the results of the intervention and of archaeological evidence gathered during the conservation and restoration process.
Once the work will be taken to completion, the recomposed archaeological finds will be displayed in the Museum of Alghero in specially devised rooms, which will render their original cultural, historical and aesthetic meaning for the benefit of the visitors.

Images of the CCA working on site (2012)